Glossary of Terms

ADA
The American Diabetes Association

ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder)
A condition, occurring mainly in children, characterized by hyperactivity, inability to concentrate, and impulsive or inappropriate behavior

Allergy
An unusual sensitivity to a normally harmless substance that provokes a strong reaction from a person's body

Asthma
A disease of the respiratory system, sometimes caused by allergies, with symptoms including coughting, sudden difficulty in breathing, and a tight feeling in the chest

Biopsy
The removal of a sample of tissue from a living person for laboratory examination

Blood Pressure
The force of the blood pushing against the walls of the arteries

BMI (Body Mass Index)
A measurement of the relative percentages of fat and muscle mass in the human body. Weigh in KG divided by height in meters.

Breast Exam
A physical exam of the breast done by a health professional

Cholesterol
A soft, waxy substance found among the lipids (fats) in the bloodstream and in all the body's cells. LDL (Low Density Lipoprotein), AKA "Bad Cholesterol" can form heart placque. HDL (High Density Lipoprotein) AKA "Good Cholesterol" can prevent heart attacks by either moving LDL cholesterol out of the body and slowing placque buildup.

Cyst
A closed, usually spherical, membranous sac that develops in human tissue and contains fluid or semisolid material

Echocardiography
A procedure that uses ultrasonic waves directed over the chest wall to obtain a graphic record of the heart's position, motion of the walls, or internal parts such as the valves

EKG
Electrocardiogram - A visual record of the heart's electrical activity made using an electrocardiograph

Emphysema
A chronic medical disorder of the lungs in which the air sacs are dilated or enlarged and lack flexibility, so that breathing is impaired and infection sometimes occurs

Flexible Sigmoidoscopy
A procedure carried out by a doctor to look at the lining of the rectum and the colon

Glucose Levels (Blood Sugar Levels)
The amount of glucose or sugar in the blood.

Holter Monitoring
The process of continuosly monitoring the electrical activity of the heart for 24 hours or more using a portable device

Laceration
A deep cut or gash in the skin with jagged edges

Mammogram
An x-ray of all or part of the breast

MRO
Medical Review Officer / A physician qualified to interpret the results of drug testing

Occupational Medicine
The branch of medicine which deals with the relationship of humans to their occupations, for the purpose of the prevention of disease and injury and the promotion of optimal health, productivity, and social adjustment

OSHA
Occupational Health and Safety Association, a federal agency under the Department of Labor that publishes and enforces safety and health regulations for most businesses and industries in the United States

Osteopathic Manipulation
A treatment that attempts to improve joint range of motion and balance tissue and muscular mechanics in order to relieve pain

Pap Smear
A test to detect cancerous or precancerous cells of the cervix, allowing the early diagnosis of cancer Pelvic Exam
A physical examination of the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and rectum

SAMSHA
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, a division of the United States Department of Health and Human Services that is a certifying laboratory agency Spider Veins
Small clusters of red, blue, or purple veins that most commonly appear on the thighs, calves, and ankles

Testicular Exam
An exam that checks the testicles, genitals and scrotum for cancer

Triglycerides
The chemical form in which most fat exists in food and in the body. A naturally occuring ester of three fatty acids that is the chief constituent of fats and oils.

Ulcer
A slow-healing sore on the surface of a mucous membrane, especially the membrane lining the stomach or other parts of the digestive tract

Vaccination
A substance used to inoculate a person with a vaccine to produce immunity to a disease

Workers' Compensation
Provision for payment of benefits to workers for accidental injuries or death arising from and in the course of employment